Majlesi Journal of Electrical Engineering <p>The scope of MJEE is ranging from mathematical foundation to practical engineering design in all areas of electrical engineering. The editorial board is international and original unpublished papers are welcome. The journal is devoted primarily to research papers, but very high quality survey and tutorial papers are also published. There is no publication charges for authors.</p> Majlesi Branch, Islamic Azad University en-US Majlesi Journal of Electrical Engineering 2345-377X A Hybrid Mechanism to Detect DDoS Attacks in Software Defined Networks <p>DDoS (Distributed Denial-of-Service) attacks are among the cyberattacks that are increasing day by day and have caused problems for computer network servers. With the advent of SDN networks, they are not immune to these attacks, and due to the software-centric nature of these networks, this type of attack can be much more difficult for them, ignoring effective parameters such as port and Source IP in detecting attacks, providing costly solutions which are effective in increasing CPU load, and low accuracy in detecting attacks are of the problems of previously presented methods in detecting DDoS attacks. Given the importance of this issue,the purpose of this paper is to increase the accuracy of DDoS attack detection using the second order correlation coefficient technique based on ∅-entropy according to source IP and selection of optimal features.To select the best features, by examining the types of feature selection algorithms and search methods, the WrapperSubsetEval feature selection algorithm, the BestFirst search method, and the best effective features were selected. This study was performed on CTU-13 and ISOT datasets and the results were compared with other methods. The accuracy of the detection in this work indicates the high efficiency of the proposed approach compared to other similar methods.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> َAfsaneh Banitalebi Dehkordi MohammadReza Soltanaghaei Farsad Zamani Boroujeni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-03-01 2021-03-01 15 1 1 8 10.29252/mjee.15.1.1 Improvement of Sybil Attack Detection in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks Using Cross-layer and Fuzzy Logic <p>Nowadays Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks (VANETs) are very popular and significantly used, due to their unique abilities to improve road safety. As a consequence, the security of these networks is of great importance and it has become one of the central topics in scientific and research fields such as information exchange. Sybil attack is one of the challenges for Ad-Hoc networks security. In this paper, a cross-layer approach and fuzzy logic method are used to detect the Sybil attacks. The proposed fuzzy logic method has four inputs form different OSI layers: entry time to the network, a number of neighbors, buffer size and signal to noise ratio. These inputs are imported to several membership functions of the fuzzy logic methods and the simulation results indicate that the proposed solution provides a robust technique in Sybil attack detection.</p> Mohamadreza Karimi Rasool Sadeghi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-03-01 2021-03-01 15 1 9 18 10.29252/mjee.15.1.9 Presenting a Proper Ensemble Clustering (EC) Method Based on Hierarchical Methods and Classical Generative Algorithms <p>Ensemble Clustering (EC) methods became more popular in recent years. In this methods, some primary clustering algorithms are considered to be as inputs and a single cluster is generated to achieve the best results combined with each other. In this paper, we considered three hierarchical methods, which are single-link, average-link, and complete-link as the primary clustering and the results were combined with each other. This combination was done based on correlation matrix. The basic algorithms were combined as binary and triplicate and the results were evaluated as well. the IMDB film dataset were clustered based on existing features. CH, Silhouette and Dunn Index criteria were used to evaluate the results. These criteria evaluate the clustering quality by calculating intra-cluster and inter-cluster distances. CH index had the highest value when all three basic clusters are combined. our method shows that EC can achieve better results and present clusters with higher robustness and accuracy.</p> Zahra Sahebkaram Alireza Norouzi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-03-01 2021-03-01 15 1 19 24 10.29252/mjee.15.1.19 Tuning of PID Controller Coefficients for AVR Systems by SA Algorithm <p>As a real time process, in tuning the coefficients of PID controllers in AVRs, accuracy vs. speed is an important issue. Considering complexity of the problem and real systems requirements, various methods, including exact methods and approximation algorithms, have been implemented for this purpose. Since the conventional methods based on meta-heuristic algorithms solving this problem, generally use population-based algorithms such as GA and PSO, this paper aims to investigate the efficiency and performance of single- solution based metaheuristics to solve this problem. So Simulated Annealing (SA) algorithm is proposed, and implemented for optimizing PID coefficients. In addition, an extension of SA is presented improving the search strategy based on neighborhood adjustment. The results indicate that the proposed algorithms as single based metaheuristics, have a good or even better performance vs. population based metaheuristics, in spite of simplicity in implementation and less computation requirements. This fact implies that the landscape complexity of these problems does not necessarily require population-based algorithms. The presented method is also applied to multiple objective functions regarding different time response criteria in output voltage and leads to better results in less time.</p> Maryam Ehsani Morassae Shafiezad ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-03-01 2021-03-01 15 1 25 31 10.29252/mjee.15.1.25 A Novel Full Subtractor /Full Adder Design in Quantum Cellular Automata <p>Quantum cellular automata (QCA) is an alternative promising nanotechnology for semiconductor transistor based technology. QCA benefits from several characteristics, including high speed and low power usage, and could be employed in extremely dense structures. One of the important issues in arithmetic circuits is design of full subtractor/ full adder (FS/ FA), respectively. This paper proposed a 1-bit FS/ FA circuit on the basis of QCA technology that benefits from less cell counts compared to the best peer designs studied in the literature. As well as the mentioned feature, temperature analysis of suggested circuit indications that the presented design is tougher than previous works.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Mostafa Sadeghi Keivan Navi Mehdi Dolatshahi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-03-01 2021-03-01 15 1 33 37 10.29252/mjee.15.1.33 Soft Computing-Based Congestion Control Schemes in Wireless Sensor Networks: Research Issues and Challenges <p>Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are a special class of wireless ad-hoc networks where their performance is affected by different factors. Congestion is of paramount importance in WSNs. It badly affects channel quality, loss rate, link utilization, throughput, network life time, traffic flow, the number of retransmissions, energy, and delay. In this paper, congestion control schemes are classified as classic or soft computing-based schemes. The soft computing-based congestion control schemes are classified as fuzzy logic-based, game theory-based, swarm intelligence-based, learning automata-based, and neural network-based congestion control schemes. Thereafter, a comprehensive review of different soft computing-based congestion control schemes in wireless sensor networks is presented. Furthermore, these schemes are compared using different performance metrics. Finally, specific directives are used to design and develop novel soft computing-based congestion control schemes in wireless sensor networks.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Shoorangiz Shams Shamsabad Farahani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-03-01 2021-03-01 15 1 39 52 10.29252/mjee.15.1.39 Improved Low Voltage Ride-Through Capability of DFIG with ESO Controller under Unbalanced Network Conditions <p>Under unbalanced grid condition, in a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG), voltage, current, and flux of the stator become asymmetric. Therefore, active-reactive power and torque will be oscillating. In DFIG controlling Rotor Side Converter (RSC) aims to eliminate power and torque oscillations. However, simultaneous elimination of the power and torque oscillations is not possible. Also, Grid Side Converter (GSC) aims to regulate DC-Link voltage. In this paper, in order to regulate DC-Link voltage, an Extended State Observer (ESO) based on a Generalized Proportional-Integral (GPI) controller, is employed. In this controlling method, DC-Link voltage is controlled without measuring the GSC current, and due to using the GPI controller, the improved dynamic response is resistant against voltage changes, and the settling time is reduced. To improve the transient stability and Low Voltage Fault Ride Through (LVRT) capability of DFIG, Statistic Fault Current Limiter (S-FCL) and Magnetic Energy Storage Fault Current Limiter (MES-FCL) are proposed in this paper. The proposed FCL does not only limit the fault current but also fasten voltage recovery. The simulations are implemented by MATLAB software in the synchronous positive and negative sequence reference (d-q).</p> Ali Akbar Vali Seyed Mohammad Hassan Hosseni Javad Olamaei ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-03-01 2021-03-01 15 1 53 69 10.29252/mjee.15.1.53