Electroencephalography Artifact Removal using Optimized Radial Basis Function Neural Networks
AbstractElectroencephalography (EEG) is a major clinical tool to diagnose, monitor and manage neurological disorders which is mostly affected by artifacts. Given the importance and the need for an automated method to remove artifacts, in this paper some intelligent automated methods are proposed which are composed of three main parts as extraction of effective input, filtering and filter optimization. Wavelet transform is utilized to extract the effective input, and the wavelet approximation coefficients are used as an effective input signal. In addition, Radial Basis Function Neural Network (RBFNN) has been used for filtering. The appropriate number of RBFs has been selected using extensive simulations, and the optimal value of spread parameter has been achieved by Bees algorithm (BA). Finally, the proposed artifact removal schemes have been evaluated on some real contaminated EEG signals in Mashad Ghaem hospital database. The results show that the proposed artifact removal schemes are able to effectively remove artifacts from EEG signals with little underlying brain signal distortion.
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