Intelligence Indirect Vector Control of a DFIG based Wind Turbines
AbstractAbstract: An intelligence indirect vector control (IVC) of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) using a five-level inverter with space vector modulation (5L-SVM) strategy is proposed in this article. The novelty of the proposed intelligence strategy is an artificial neural network (ANN), which is utilised for the IVC command of the DFIG. Here, ANN has been replaced with the hysteresis comparators of the 5L-SVM technique. The backpropagation process is used for the training process of the ANN. By using the ANN outputs, the SVM-ANN strategy develops the command pulses for the five-level inverter. Then the proposed intelligence strategy is implemented in the MATLAB/Simulink platform and the effectiveness is analysed by comparing with the different tests. The comparison results demonstrate the superiority of the proposed approach and confirm its potential to solve the problem.
 F. Amrane, A. Chaiba, « A novel direct power control for grid-connected doubly fed induction generator based on hybrid artificial intelligent control with space vector modulation, » Rev. Roum. Sci. Techn.-Electrotechn. Et Energ, Vol. 61, No. 3, pp. 263-268, 2016.
 J. Mohammadi, S. Vaez-Zadeh, S. Afsharnia, E. Daryabeigi, « A combined vector and direct power control for DFIG-based wind turbines, » IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2014.
 X. Zhu, S. Liu, Y. Wang, «Second-order sliding-mode control of DFIG-based wind turbines, » IEEE 2014 3rd Renewable Power Generation Conference, pp. 1-6, 24-25 September 2014.
 D. Kanimozhi, S. Saravanan, R. Satheeshkumar, «Analysis of doubly fed induction generator connected matrix converter in wind farm, » International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, Vol. 2, pp. 3981-3988, 2013.
 F. Bishwang, T. Guanzheng, F. Shaosheng, «Comparison of three different 2-D space vector PWM algorithms and their FPGA implementations, » Journal of Power Technologies, Vol. 94, No. 3, pp. 176-189, 2014.
 M. Gaballah, M. El-Bardini, S. Sharaf, M. Mabrouk, «Implementation of space vector-PWM for driving two level voltage source inverters, » Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 39, No. 4, pp. 871-884, 2011.
 H. Obdan, M. C. Ozkilic, «Performance Comparison of 2-level and 3-level converters in a wind energy conversion system, » Rev. Roum. Sci. Techn.-Electrotechn. Et Energ, Vol. 61, No. 4, pp. 388-393, 2016.
 E. E. M. Mohamed, M. A. Sayed, « Matrix converters and three-phase inverters fed linear induction motor drives-performance compare, » Ain Shams Engineering Journal, Vol. 2, pp. 1-12, 2016.
 H. Benbouhenni, Z. Boudjema, A. Belaidi, « Direct vector control of a DFIG supplied by an intelligent SVM inverter for wind turbine system, » Iranian Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, In Press, 2018.
 H. Benbouhenni, Z. Boudjema, A. Belaidi, «Neuro-second order sliding mode control of a DFIG supplied by a two-level NSVM inverter for wind turbine system, » Iranian Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, In Press, 2018.
 M. Hasni, Z. Mancer, S. Mekhtoub, S. Bacha, « Parametric identification of the doubly fed induction machine, » Energy Procedia, Vol. 18, pp. 177-186, 2012.
 E. Bounadja, A. Djahbar, Z. Boudjema, «Variable structure control of a doubly fed induction generator for wind energy conversion systems, » Energy Procedia, Vol. 50, pp. 999-1007, 2014.
 Z. Boudjema, A. Meroufel, E. Bounadja, Y. Djerriri, « Non linear control of a doubly fed induction generator supplied by a matrix converter for wind energy conversion systems, » Journal of Electrical Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2014.
 K. Kerrouche, A. Mezouar, Kh. Belkacem, « Decoupled control of doubly fed induction generator by vector control for wind energy conversion system, » Energy Procedia, Vol. 42, pp. 239-248, 2013.
 A. Medjber, A. Moualdia, A. Mellit, M. A. Guessoum, « Comparative study between direct and indirect vector control applied to a wind turbine equipped with a double-fed asynchronous machine article, » International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 88-93, 2013.
 B. Karima, A. Boukhelifa, « Output power control of a variable wind energy conversion system, » Rev. Roum. Sci. Techn.-Electrotechn. Et Energ, Vol. 62, No. 2, pp. 197-202, 2017.