Impact of Optimal DG Placement and Sizing on Power Reliability and Voltage Profile of Radial Distribution Networks
AbstractNowadays, energy supplied by the reliable manner is one of the important challenges of the distribution company in the radial distribution system. Therefore, this paper considers these challenges by the optimal DG placement to minimize power losses with considering the analysis related to the reliability and voltage profile. In this paper, exchange market algorithm (EMA) as a powerful tool is used to solve the optimization problem. In order to extract the global optimum point, EMA uses two searching operators and two absorbent operators based on the generation of random numbers. To evaluate the goals of this paper, EMA is successfully implemented on 10, 33, and 69 bus IEEE test systems. Simulation results illustrated that power losses are reduced by the optimal DG placement and sizing. Finally, obtained results analysis concluded that system reliability and voltage profile will be improved if the DGs are allocated optimally in the radial network.
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 (July 11, 2017). Typical Calculation of Running Cost per unit (kWH) for DG set Available: https://www.apollopowersystems.com/