Choice of Electric Engines Connection Circuits in Electric Machine Unit of Electric Power Generation Device

Keywords: Electric engines, Transformation of electric energy, Alternative energy source, Energy saving, Electric power generation

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to study and select the type of engine and circuits for connecting their windings in the generator operating mode of the electric machine unit for the device of converting kinetic and mechanical energy of rotation in the electric one. The design and principle of the device, which transforms the kinetic energy from pressure into electric one, is proposed. The results of experimental studies on the determination of the most efficient type of electric engine in accordance with the value of the generated power output are presented. According to the results of experiments, it was determined that a stepper motor DSh 200-1 is more efficient for one rotation in the forward and reverse direction with frequency f = 1.185 Hz. The processing of experimental research was carried out using integral methods of mathematical physics, namely the trapezoid method. Integration of the received oscillograms allowed to determine the most effective circuit of connection of stepper motor DSh-200-1 stator windings. For one rotation in the forward and reverse direction with frequency f = 1.185 Hz, the given circuit will provide the power of 0.164 Watt.

References

[1] A. Hnatov, S. Arhun, and S. Ponikarovska, “Energy saving technologies for urban bus transport,” Int. J. Automot. Mech. Eng., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 4649–4664, 2017.
[2] Research Centre for Electrical Power & Mechatronics, Indonesian Institute of Sciences Komp LIPI JlCisitu 21/54D, Gd 20, Bandung 40135, Indonesia et al., “A comparison study of range-extended engines for electric vehicle based on vehicle simulator,” J. Mech. Eng. Sci., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1803–1816, Jun. 2016.
[3] J. Riesz, C. Sotiriadis, D. Ambach, and S. Donovan, “Quantifying the costs of a rapid transition to electric vehicles,” Appl. Energy, vol. 180, pp. 287–300, Oct. 2016.
[4] C. Zheng, “Technical analysis on energy conservation and emission reduction of new energy electric vehicle in China,” 2017, p. 040027.
[5] E. Ela et al., “Electricity Markets and Renewables: A Survey of Potential Design Changes and Their Consequences,” IEEE Power Energy Mag., vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 70–82, Nov. 2017.
[6] A. Gnatov, S. Argun, and N. Rudenko, “Smart road as a complex system of electric power generation,” presented at the 2017 IEEE First Ukraine Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (UKRCON), 2017, pp. 457–461.
[7] S. Nk, “Utilization of Gravitation for Generation of Electricity as an Additional Source,” J. Electr. Electron. Syst., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 1–2, Mar. 2016.
[8] S. S. Chandel, R. Shrivastva, V. Sharma, and P. Ramasamy, “Overview of the initiatives in renewable energy sector under the national action plan on climate change in India,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 54, pp. 866–873, Feb. 2016.
[9] R. Corrêa da Silva, I. de Marchi Neto, and S. Silva Seifert, “Electricity supply security and the future role of renewable energy sources in Brazil,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 59, pp. 328–341, Jun. 2016.
[10] A. Gnatov, S. Argun, and O. Ulyanets, “Joint innovative double degree master program ‘energy-saving technologies in transport’,” presented at the 2017 IEEE First Ukraine Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (UKRCON), 2017, pp. 1203–1207.
[11] G. A. Jones and K. J. Warner, “The 21st century population-energy-climate nexus,” Energy Policy, vol. 93, pp. 206–212, Jun. 2016.
[12] M. A. Schreurs, “The Paris Climate Agreement and the Three Largest Emitters: China, the United States, and the European Union,” Polit. Gov., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 219–223, Sep. 2016.
[13] R. McGreevy, “Scotland ‘on target’ for 100% renewable energy by 2020,” The Irish Times. [Online]. Available: https://www.irishtimes.com/news/ireland/irish-news/scotland-on-target-for-100-renewable-energy-by-2020-1.3280498. [Accessed: 03-May-2018].
[14] B. Kroposki et al., “Achieving a 100% Renewable Grid: Operating Electric Power Systems with Extremely High Levels of Variable Renewable Energy,” IEEE Power Energy Mag., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 61–73, Mar. 2017.
[15] P. Lianos, “Review of recent trends in photoelectrocatalytic conversion of solar energy to electricity and hydrogen,” Appl. Catal. B Environ., vol. 210, pp. 235–254, Aug. 2017.
[16] K. V. Selvan and M. S. Mohamed Ali, “Micro-scale energy harvesting devices: Review of methodological performances in the last decade,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 54, pp. 1035–1047, Feb. 2016.
[17] S. E. Hosseini and M. A. Wahid, “Hydrogen production from renewable and sustainable energy resources: Promising green energy carrier for clean development,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 57, pp. 850–866, May 2016.
[18] S. Banerjee, M. N. Musa, D. I. A. B. Jaafar, and A. Arrifin, “Application on Solar, Wind and Hydrogen Energy - A Feasibility Review for an Optimised Hybrid Renewable Energy System,” J. Fundam. Renew. Energy Appl., vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 1–9, Oct. 2015.
[19] А. В. Гнатов and Щ. В. Аргун, “Енергогенеруюча плитка як альтернативне малопотужне джерело електричної енергії,” Автомобильний Транспорт, no. 40, pp. 167–172, 2017.
[20] А. В. Гнатов, Щ. В. Аргун, and Г. А. Гнатова, “Пристрiй генерування електричної енергiї,” Pat. UA106587, 25-Apr-2016.
[21] “Pavegen founder Laurence Kemball-Cook,” The Engineer, 14-Nov-2011 .
[22] Х. Абрамович, Е. Хараш, Ч. Милгром, У. Амит, and Л. Эдери Азулай, “Сбор энергии с дорог и взлетно-посадочных полос,” Pat. RU2482568, 2013.
[23] S. Brusaw and J. Brusaw, “Solar roadway panel. US Patent,” Shukla, 2014.
[24] “Welcome to Solar Roadways,” Solar Roadways. [Online]. Available: http://www.solarroadways.com/. [Accessed: 01-Apr-2018].
[25] В. Р. Ской, “Пьезоэлектрический генератор постоянного тока на основе эффекта казимира,” Patent RU 2499350, 2013.
[26] S. R. Bhatnagar, “Converting sound energy to electric energy,” Int. J. Emerg. Technol. Adv. Eng., vol. 2, no. 10, pp. 267–270, 2012.
[27] X. Xue, S. Wang, W. Guo, Y. Zhang, and Z. L. Wang, “Hybridizing Energy Conversion and Storage in a Mechanical-to-Electrochemical Process for Self-Charging Power Cell,” Nano Lett., vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 5048–5054, Sep. 2012.
[28] L. Liu, H. Lim, W. Lu, Y. Qiao, and X. Chen, “Mechanical-to-Electric Energy Conversion by Mechanically Driven Flow of Electrolytes Confined in Nanochannels,” Appl. Phys. Express, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 015202, Jan. 2013.
[29] S. Cafiso, M. Cuomo, A. Di Graziano, and C. Vecchio, “Experimental Analysis for Piezoelectric Transducers Applications into Roads Pavements,” Adv. Mater. Res., vol. 684, pp. 253–257, 2013.
[30] “Decentralized Autonomous Hybrid Renewable Power Generation.” [Online]. Available: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jre/2015/856075/. [Accessed: 03-May-2018].
[31] L. Gao and Y. Luo, “Simulation of imitation of the characteristics of wind turbine based on DC motor with Matlab,” in 2009 International Conference on Sustainable Power Generation and Supply, 2009, pp. 1–5.
[32] J. F. Pan, Y. Zou, N. Cheung, and G. Cao, “The direct-drive sensorless generation system for wave energy utilization,” Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 62, pp. 29–37, Nov. 2014.
[33] “Scavenging Energy from Human Activities Using Piezoelectric Material - ScienceDirect.” [Online]. Available: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212017314001716. [Accessed: 03-May-2018].
[34] A. T. Papagiannakis, S. Dessouky, A. Montoya, and H. Roshani, “Energy Harvesting from Roadways,” Procedia Comput. Sci., vol. 83, pp. 758–765, Jan. 2016.
[35] “Power Generating Slabs: Lost energy conversion of human locomotive force into electrical energy - IEEE Conference Publication.” [Online]. Available: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7026831/. [Accessed: 03-May-2018].
[36] I. Ionică, M. Modreanu, A. Morega, and C. Boboc, “Design and modeling of a hybrid stepper motor,” in 2017 10th International Symposium on Advanced Topics in Electrical Engineering (ATEE), 2017, pp. 192–195.
[37] “Numerical modelling of the rotor movement in a permanent-magnet stepper motor - IET Journals & Magazine.” [Online]. Available: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/6786889/. [Accessed: 03-May-2018].
[38] J. Bird, “Electrical Circuit Theory and Technology: Amazon.co.uk: John Bird: 9781856177702: Books,” 2010. [Online]. Available: https://www.amazon.co.uk/Electrical-Circuit-Theory-Technology-John/dp/185617770X. [Accessed: 03-May-2018].
[39] L. D. English and D. Kirshner, Eds., Handbook of International Research in Mathematics Education, 2 edition. New York: Routledge, 2008.
Published
2018-07-09
How to Cite
Hnatov, A., Arhun, S., Dziubenko, O., & Ponikarovska, S. (2018). Choice of Electric Engines Connection Circuits in Electric Machine Unit of Electric Power Generation Device. Majlesi Journal of Electrical Engineering, 12(4), 85-93. Retrieved from http://mjee.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/index/index.php/ee/article/view/2760
Section
Articles