Vold-Kalman Filter Order Tracking for the Detection of Stator Fault in Vector Controlled Induction Motor
AbstractIt is well-known that the stator Inter-Turn Short Circuit (ITSC) fault detection in vector-controlled Induction Motor (IM) is a very difficult task so far. This is due to the various problems encountered in diagnostic processes resulting from the speed variation and its influence on electrical signals. As a solution, this paper proposes an approach based on the Vold-Kalman Filter Order Tracking (VKF-OT) technique. To this end, stator phase current, quadrature current and rotational speed were monitored at various speeds with and without fault (i.e. healthy and with the ITSC fault) in the Field oriented control (FOC) IM drive. The VKF-OT technique was applied to the monitored currents in order to track the related harmonic components fault, the results are compared to the classical Fourier analysis (FFT). The obtained results proved that the presented approach is more efficient than the FFT technique, especially when the IM is operating under non-stationary speed conditions.
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