Smart Meter Modelling and Fault Location Communication in Smart Grid

  • Velhal Geeta Vilas Department of Electrical Engineering, Jain University, Bangalore, India
  • V. Muralidhara Department of Electrical Engineering, Jain University, Bangalore, India
  • Shashikant Madhukar Bakre Maharashtra State Transmission Company Ltd., Mumbai, India
  • Vaishali Velhal Department of Electrical Engineering, Sinhgadh College, Pune ,India
Keywords: Smart Meter, 1L-G Fault, Client-Server Communication, Substation Automation System (SAS), International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61850 Protocol, Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs), Remote Terminal Unit (RTU)

Abstract

This paper includes a novice technique for locating single line to ground fault in electrical transmission network.  Validation of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated using matlab simulink. Simpower system tool box is used for the modeling of smart meter, transmission lines and single line to ground fault (1L-G). A novel method is proposed to countercheck whether the fault has occurred really or not. Data related to 1l-G fault has been collected at 220kV Lonikand substation and analyzed. c exclusively during the visit at Kalkitech (top manufacturing company of Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) in Bangalore, Karnataka, India). Effect of harmonics on fault current measurement using smart meter is elaborated. Advancements in communication technology are illustrated from asset management perspective. 

References

[1] C. Roger, Dugan, S. Santoso, “Electrical Power System Quality” Second Edition,McGraw Hill publication, pp. 85.
[2] X. Feng, L. Qi, Jiuping Pan, “A Novel Fault Location Method and Algorithm for DC Distribution Protection”, IEEE Transaction on Industry Applications. , Vol. 53, Issue. 3, pp. 1834-1840, 2017.
[3] C. L. Fernanda, T. Walmir Freitas, “Low Voltage Zones to Support Fault Location in Distribution Systems With Smart Meters” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Vol. 8, Issue. 6, pp. 2765–2774, 2017.
[4] M. S. Jaganmohan, K. Manikandan,“Challenges in Smart Meter Design,” In proc. 2010, Power systemprotection and automation conference.
[5] C. Balasubramanya “Challenges in adoption of.international model of consumer protection in India for mass roll out of smart energy meters,” https://www.slideshare.net/balasubramanyachandrashekariah/challenges-in-adoption-of-international-model-of-consumer-protection-in-india-for-mass-roll-out-of-smart-energy-meters
[6] Y. Yan, Y. Qian, H. Sharif, D. Tipper, “A Survey on Smart Grid Comnication Infrastructures Motivations Requirements and Challenges,” Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE , Vol. 15, pp. 5–20, 2012.
[7] R. Ma, H. H. Chen, Y. R. Huang, and W. Meng, “Smart Grid Communication Its Challenges and opportunities,” IEEE Transaction, Vol. 4, pp. 36–46, 2013.
[8] T. Lei, L. Cristaldi, M. Faifer, R. Claudio, Cherbaucich, P. Mazza, “Behavior of Voltage Transformers Under Distorted Conditions” In proc., Instrumentation and Measurement Technology conference, 2016.
[9] M. Fathi, K. H. Abouelenin, Youssef, Hossam Alden Bahig Hassan “Effect of harmonics on distance relay in short And medium transmission lines” Power Systems Conference (MEPCON), 2016 Eighteenth International Middle East . Central Station Engineers of the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, Electrical Transmission and Distribution Reference Book, Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing company, Pennsylvania, pp. 32 (1944).
[10] A. Sajid, H. Abbas, K. Saleem Shaheed Zul “Cloud-Assisted IoT-Based SCADA Systems Security: A Review of the State of the Art and Future Challenges” IEEE Acess ,Special Section On The Plethora Of Research In Internet Of Things (Iot).
[11] G. Prashant, “History of Communication Protocol & Evolution” General Electric white paper, 21st Jan ,2017.
[12] B. Shashikant, P. Gokhale “Client Server Based Data Communication Through Numeric Meters- A Reference to 400kV substation in Context of Asset Management”, this article is accepted for 15th india Double Power Forum proc, https://www.powergridindia.com/sites/default/files/Our_Business/Telecom/Business%20Segments/NATIONAL_TRANSMISSION_ASSET_MANAGEMENT_CENTRE.pdf
[13] http://npti.in/Download/Transmission/PRSTN_Transmission/National%20Seminar- %20Grid%20Connect,%20Grid%20Safe%20&%20Grid%20wise%20Durgapur,%2025th%20March%202011/NTMC%20&%20RTMC.pdf
[14] http://www.deltadisplays.com/news/2016/video-walls-at-national-transmission-asset-management-centre.html
[15] Buildings Blocks for Smart Metering, This white-paper was presented at Metering India 2011,by Kalki Communication Technologies Private Limited. Professionals to a prestigious metering event in India conducted by IEEMA.
[16] S.t Madhukar Bakre, "Object oriented Web Enabled Approach for Detection of Distorted Input Current Signals to the Numeric Meters due to high order Harmonics Generated by the Non-Linear Loads", (Doctoral Dissertation) Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune, 2011
Published
2018-02-03
How to Cite
Vilas, V., Muralidhara, V., Bakre, S., & Velhal, V. (2018). Smart Meter Modelling and Fault Location Communication in Smart Grid. Majlesi Journal of Electrical Engineering, 12(2). Retrieved from http://mjee.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/index/index.php/ee/article/view/2587
Section
Articles