The Optimal Location of Interline Power Flow Controller in the Transmission Lines for Reduction Losses using the Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm

  • Mehrdad Ahmadi Kamarposhti Department of Electrical Engineering, Jouybar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Jouybar, Iran
Keywords: Interline power flow Controller (IPFC), Particle swarm optimization (PSO), transmission lines, power system.


Interline power flow controller (IPFC) is a concept of AC flexible control of the transmission system (FACTS), with the ability to series compensation and power flow management in multi lines of a post power. Out of all FACTS devices interline power flow converter (IPFC) is considered to be the most flexible, powerful and versatile. IPFC has the capability of compensating multi-transmission line. The proper placement of interline power flow controller (IPFC) can improve the transmission line congestion problem to a great extent. This paper proposed, the optimal location of the IPFC in electrical power systems, using the particle swarm optimization algorithm. Expression of sample figure and analysis of the sample system shows that IPFC is effective to minimize the power losses in the power system.


[1] Saravanan M., Mary Raja Slochanal S., Venkatesh P., Prince Stephen Abraham J., Application of particle swarm optimization technique for optimal location of FACTS devices considering cost of installation and system loadability. Electric Power Systems Research 77: 276-283 (2007).
[2] Lie T.T., Deng W., Optimal Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) devices allocation. Electrical Power & Energy Systems 9:129-134 (1997).
[3] Cai L.J., Erlich I., Optimal choice and allocation of FACTS devices using genetic algorithms. Proceedings on Twelfth Intelligent Systems Application to Power Systems Conference, pp. 1-6 (2003).
[4] Kamarposhti, M.A., Lesani, H.: ‘Effects of STATCOM, TCSC, SSSC and UPFC on static voltage stability’, Electr. Eng., Springer, 2011, 93, (1), pp. 33–42.
[5] Sarvi M., Sedighizadeh M., Qarebaghi J., Optimal Location and Parameters Setting of UPFC Based on Particle Swarm Optimization for Increasing Loadability. International Review of Electrical Engineering 5(5): 2234-2240 (2010).
[6] Bekri O.L., Fellah M.K., Benkhoris M.F., Miloudi A., Voltage Stability Enhancement by Optimal SVC and TCSC Location Via CP Flow Analysis. International Review of Electrical Engineering 5(5): 2263-2270 (2010).
[7] Zuwei Yu, Lusan D., Optimal placement of FACTs devices in deregulated systems considering line losses. Electrical Power and Energy Systems 26: 813-819 (2004).
[8] Umapom Kwannetr, Uthen Leeton, Thanatchai Kulworawanichpong, Optimal Power Flow Using Artificial Bees Algorithm. 2010 International Conference on Advances in Energy Engineering, pp: 215-218 (2010).
[9] Karaboga D., Basturk B., Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) Optimization Algorithm for Solving Constrained Optimization Problems. Springer-Verlag, pp. 789-798 (2007).
[10] Teerathana S., Yokoyama A., An optimal power flow control method of power system using interline power flow controller (IPFC). TENCON 2004. IEEE Region 10 Conference 3: 343-346 (2004).
[11] Khalid. H., Mohamed, K.S. Rama Rao, Intelligent Optimization Techniques for Optimal Power Flow using IPFC. PECon 2010, pp. 300-305 (2010).
[12] Basu M., Optimal power flow with FACTS devices using differential evolution. Electrical Power and Energy Systems 30: 150-156 (2008).
[13] B.V.Rami Reddy, Y.V.Siva Reddy, P.Sujatha, Optimal Placement of Interline Power Flow Controller (IPFC) to enhance Voltage Stability Conference on Power, Control, Communication and Computational Technologies for Sustainable Growth (PCCCTSG), December, 2015.
[14] S. Jangjit, P. Kumkratug and P. Laohachai, “Reduction of Transmission line Loss by Using Interline Power Flow Controllers” ,The 2010 ECTI International Confernceon Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology.2010.
[15] R. Storn and K. V. Price, “Differential evolution-A simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous Spaces,” J. Global Optim., vol. 11, pp. 341–359, 1997.
[16] Amir Kahyaei, “Analysis of Interline Power Flow Controller (IPFC) Location in Power Transmission Systems ”, Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, July 25, 2011
[17] Navid Rezaei, Mohsen Kalantar, Heidar Ali Shayanfar, “Optimal IPFC signal selection and damping controller design using a novel current injection model in a multi-machine power system”, International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp. 461–470, 2013
[18] VSN.Narasimha Raju1 B.N.CH.V.Chakravarthi2 Sai Sesha.M3, “Improvement of Power System Stability Using IPFC and UPFC Controllers”, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT), Volume 3, Issue 2, August 2013.
How to Cite
Ahmadi Kamarposhti, M. (2018). The Optimal Location of Interline Power Flow Controller in the Transmission Lines for Reduction Losses using the Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm. Majlesi Journal of Electrical Engineering, 12(2), 87-91. Retrieved from