Experiencing Numeric Relay, Fault Locator and a Novel Approach of Fault Location in Electrical Transmission and Distribution System using Smart Meter

  • Geeta Velhal Jain University, Bangalore
  • Avani Pujara Department of Electrical Engineering, Jain University, Bangalore, India
  • V Muralidhara Department of Electrical Engineering, Jain University, Bangalore, India
  • Shashikant Bakre Department of Electrical Engineering, Maharashtra State Transmission Company Ltd., Mumbai, India
  • Vaishali Velhal Department of Electrical Engineering, Sinhgadh College, Pune, India
Keywords: Single Line to Ground (1L-G) Fault, Numeric Relay, Line Signature Analyzer, Smart Meter, Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), Smart Grid, Fault Locator, IEC-61850, Substation Automation system (SAS), JCU.

Abstract

In the modern electrical grid, accuracy and speed of fault clearance are the major challenges which need to be addressed. This paper covers a case study of fault location techniques in Electrical Transmission and Distribution  network, using Numeric Relay and Offline Fault Locator. Healthiness of electrical transmission line is ensured using Line Signature Analyzer. Comparative study of online and offline fault location in  electrical transmission and distribution network has been carried out  and the inferences are drawn. Frequency of occurrence of Single Line to Ground fault is maximum (about 75%) among various types of faults. Data at 220 kV and 132 kV substations has been collected and analyzed, keeping focus on Single Line to Ground  Fault.Architecture of Substation Automation system (SAS) using single communication technology based on IEC 61850-8 and IEC 61850-9 is explained. Proposed architecture consisting of numeric meter with JAVA Compilation Unit (JCU) and Ethernet switch standardized as per IEC 61850 is demonstrated. The Java source code to send indications to output port of Numeric Meter is included.

Author Biography

Geeta Velhal, Jain University, Bangalore
Electrical Engineering

References

[1]APTRANSCO Reference Manuals on Construction and operational practices of EHV substations & Lines and commercial and Load Despatch operations Volume II , pp 191

[2]Dr. Shashikant Bakre “Electricity Metering in easy steps” Ebook .

[3] Fengling Han, Xinghuo Yu, Majid Al-Dabbagh,Yi Wang “Locating Phase-to-Ground Short-Circuit Faults on Radial Distribution Lines,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics .VOL. 54,NO.3,June 2007.

[4] Behnam Mahamedi,Jian Guo Zhu, “Unsynchronized Fault Location Based on the Negative-Sequence Voltage Magnitude for Double-Circuit Transmission Lines,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery ,vol.29,NO.4,August 2014.

[5] Aleena Swetapadma, Anamika Yadav “ A Novel Decision Tree Regression Based Fault Distance Estimation Scheme for Transmission Lines,” This article has been accepted for publication in a future issue of IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery

[6] Franc¸ois Gaugaz, Franc¸ois Krummenacher and Maher Kayal, “Implementation Guidelines for a Real-Time Fault Location System in Electrical Power Networks,” 15th Biennial Baltic Electronics Conference (BEC 2016) Tallinn, Estonia, October 3-5, 2016

[7] R.Das,M.S.Sachdev,T.S.Sidhu “A Fault Locator for Radial Subtransmission and Distribution Lines,” Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting, July 2000. IEEE

[8]Central Station Engineers of the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, Electrical Transmission and Distribution Reference Book, Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing company,Pennsylvania, p.32 (1944).

[9] Tauraus Accumax – 3 Overhead EHV AC Transmission Line Analyser (online ) (available :www. Tauruspowerelectronics.com)

[10]http://cbip.org/Presentation/CIGREOver%20head%20line%20fault%20locator.pdf

[11] IEEE Industry Applications Magazine , jan - feb 2015 , www.ieee .org/IAS.

[12] Samir Mistry,Ankur Singh,Sumit tiwari, Ieema journal, volume 6 , issue no.12 august 2015

[13] Davide Della Giustina, Paolo Ferrari, Alessandra Flammini, Stefano Rinaldi, and Emiliano Sisinni, “Automation of Distribution Grids With IEC 61850: A First Approach Using Broadband Power Line Communication,” IEEE Transactions on instrumentation and measurement, vol. 62, no. 9, september 2013.

[14] Sunil S. Rao , “Switchgear Protection and Power Systems”, khanna publications
Published
2018-01-01
How to Cite
Velhal, G., Pujara, A., Muralidhara, V., Bakre, S., & Velhal, V. (2018). Experiencing Numeric Relay, Fault Locator and a Novel Approach of Fault Location in Electrical Transmission and Distribution System using Smart Meter. Majlesi Journal of Electrical Engineering, 12(1), 39-46. Retrieved from http://mjee.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/index/index.php/ee/article/view/2387
Section
Articles