Load Frequency Control of an Isolated Power System in Presence of Controllable Energy Storage Devices

  • Mallareddy Mounica Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRKR Engineering College, Bhimavaram, India.
  • Chinta Durga Prasad Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRKR Engineering College, Bhimavaram, India.
  • D. J. V Prasad Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRKR Engineering College, Bhimavaram, India
  • M. Aruna Bharathi Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, BhojReddy Engineering College for Women, Hyderabad, India
Keywords: Automatic Load Frequency Control, Secondary Controller, Energy Storage Systems, BESS, SMES, PSO, Improved PSO, Change in Frequency, Steady State Error, Power Compensation

Abstract

The usage of energy storage units in power system will reduce frequency oscillations immediately subjected to random load changes. In this project, investigations are carried out for an isolated power system with ALFC unit and isolated power system with mutual coupling effects. In each case the effect of different storage units are studied for random load changes. Here particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO) and improved particle swarm optimization technique (IPSO) are used to tune the parameters of storage units to provide proper control strategy for the system. Instead of using two flexible storage devices, here one flexible storage unit is considered with constant storage system.  Results are carried out in MATLAB/SIMULINK software.

References

[1] A. Usman, B. P. Divakar,“Simulation Study of Load Frequency Control of Single and Two Area Systems,” IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference, pp. 214-219, 2012.
[2] Gh. Shahgholian, P. Shafaghi, H. Mahdavi-Nasab, “A Comparative Analysis and Simulation of ALFC in Single Area Power System for Different Turbines,” IEEE 2nd International Conference on Electronic Computer Technology, pp. 50-54, 2010.
[3] P., Sunita Chahar, “Automatic Load Frequency Control of Three Area Power System Using Artificial Intelligence,” International Conference on Micro-Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, pp. 320-324, 2016.
[4] G. Panda, S. Panda and C. Ardil, “Hybrid Neuro Fuzzy Approach for Automatic Generation Control of Two –Area Interconnected Power System,” World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Electrical, Computer, Energetic, Electronic and Communication Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 10, 2011.
[5] A. Kumar, A. Kumar and S. Chanana, “Genetic Fuzzy PID Controller Based on Adaptive Gain Scheduling for Load Frequency Control,” IEEE Transcations, 2010.
[6] S. Nag, N. Philip, “Application of Neural Networks to Automatic Load Frequency Control,” International Conference on Control, Instrumentation, Energy & Communication, 2014.
[7] X. Xu, M. Bishop, Donna G. Oikarinen, Chen Hao, “Application and Modeling of Battery Energy Storage in Power Systems,” CSEE JOURNAL OF POWER AND ENERGY SYSTEMS, Vol.2, No.3, Sept, 2016.
[8] P. Mercier, R. Cherkaoui, A. Oudalov, “Optimizing a Battery Energy Storage System for Frequency Control Application in an Isolated Power System,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, Vol.24, No.3, Aug, 2009.
[9] C.-F. LU, C.-J. WU, C.-C. Liu, “Dynamic modelling of battery energy storage system and application to power system stability,” IEE Proc.-Gener. Transm. Distrib., Vol. 142, No. 4, July 1995.
[10] K. Rana, S. Kakran, “Improvement in Dynamic Performance of an Interconnected Power System in Load Frequency Control using SMES,” IEEE Students' Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Computer Science, 2016.
[11] S. C. Tripathy, R. Balasubramanian, P. S. Chandramohanan Nair, “Adaptive Automatic Generation Control with Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage in Power Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 7, No. 3, Sept, 1992.
[12] S. Kumar Meena, S. Chanana, “Load Frequency Control of Multi Area System Using Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization,” Proceedings of 2015 RAECS UIET Panjab University, Chandigarh 21-22nd Dec, 2015.
[13] S. Das, I Pan, K Halder, S. Das, and A. Gupta, “LQR Based Improved Discrete PID Controller Design via Optimum Selection of Weighting Matrices Using Fractional Order Integral Performance Index based on Lyapunov approch”, International Conference on Information Engineering and Computer Science, 2009, pp. 1-5.
[14] A. K. Barisal, “Comparative performance analysis of teaching learning based optimization for automatic load frequency control of multi-source power systems,” ELSEVIER, Electrical Power and Energy Systems 66, pp. 67–77, 2015.
[15] H. Shabani, B. Vahidi, M. Ebrahimpour, “A robust PID controller based on imperialist competitive algorithm for load-frequency control of power systems,” ELSEVIER, ISA Transactions 52, pp. 88–95, 2013.
[16] M. ud din Mufti, Sh. Ahmad Lone, Sh. Javed Iqbal, Muzzafar Ahmad, M. Ismail, “Super-capacitor based energy storage system for improved load frequency control,” ELSEVIER, Electric Power Systems Research 79, pp. 226–233, 2009.
[17] N.S. Jayalakshmi, D. N. Gaonkar, “Performance Study of Isolated Hybrid Power system with Multiple Generation and EnergyStorage Units,” IEEE, International Conference on Power and Energy Systems, 2011.
[18] Shailendra S., Harshita Joshi, Saurabh Chanana, R. kumar verma, “Impact of Supercoducting Magnetic Energy Storage on Frequency Stability of an Isolated Hybrid Power System,” IEEE, International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development, 2014.
[19] W. Al-Saedi, Stefan W. Lachowicz, D. Habibi, Octavian Bass, “Power flow control in grid-connected microgrid operation using Particle Swarm Optimization under variable load conditions,” Electrical Power and Energy Systems 49, pp. 76–85, 2013.
[20] J. Yang, L. He, S. Fu, “An improved PSO-based charging strategy of electric vehicles in electrical distribution grid,” ELSEVIER, Applied Energy 128, pp. 82–92, 2014.
[21] Y. Ye, Chen-Bo Yin , Y. Gong, J. J. Zhou. “Position control of nonlinear hydraulic system using an improved PSO based PID controller,” Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing 83, pp. 241–259, 2017.
[22] Xuesong Yan, Qinghua Wu, Hanmin Liu4 and Wenzhi Huang, “An Improved Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm and Its Application,” IJCSI International Journal of Computer Science Issues, Vol. 10, Issue.1, No. 1, January 2013.
Published
2018-01-18
How to Cite
Mounica, M., Prasad, C., Prasad, D. J. V., & Aruna Bharathi, M. (2018). Load Frequency Control of an Isolated Power System in Presence of Controllable Energy Storage Devices. Majlesi Journal of Electrical Engineering, 12(2), 29-38. Retrieved from http://mjee.iaumajlesi.ac.ir/index/index.php/ee/article/view/2326
Section
Articles