Energy Storage Technologies for Smart Grid: A Comprehensive Review
AbstractIn the recent days, the main challenge for the electrical power system is an economical storage technology. Energy storage is essential for the future Smart Grid (SG) to smooth out the fluctuating output of Renewable Energy Resources (RERs). Even though many good storage technologies are available but either they are not economical or they are not efficient. Several research studies are analyzed the application of energy storage with respect to voltage support, peak shaving, frequency stability, renewable firming, transmission upgrade deferral, and a host of other uses. RERs are dependent on the climate conditions for the power output. Therefore, an efficient storage technology is an important part for the reliability of electric power system. This paper compares different storage technologies available, i.e. hydrogen storage, batteries, superconducting magnet energy storage, fly wheels, compressed air energy storage, pumped hydro energy storage, etc. This paper details the necessity of storage techniques to help the RERs power output in the SG to meet the energy demands of the future.
Available. [Online]: http://www.h2020-project-sensible.eu/documents/overview-of-storage-technologies.pdf
 U.K. Debnath, I. Ahmad, D. Habibi, A.Y. Saber, “Energy storage model with gridable vehicles for economic load dispatch in the smart grid,” International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 64, pp. 1017-1024, Jan. 2015.
 E. Ozdemir, S. Ozdemir, K. Erhan, A. Aktas, “Energy storage technologies opportunities and challenges in smart grids,” International Smart Grid Workshop and Certificate Program, Istanbul, 2016, pp. 1-6.
 P. Du, N. Lu, “Energy Storage for Smart Grids, Planning and Operation for Renewable and Variable Energy Resources (VERs),” Elsevier Inc., 2014.
 J.A. Momoh, S. Meliopoulos, R. Saint, “Centralized and Distributed Generated Power Systems - A Comparison Approach,” Future Grid Initiative White Paper, Power Systems Engineering Research Center, Jun. 2012.
 R. Bayindir, E. Hossain, E. Kabalci, R. Perez, “A Comprehensive Study on Microgrid Technology,” International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 1094-1107, 2014.
 J. Eyer, G. Corey, “Energy Storage for the Electricity Grid: Benefits and Market Potential Assessment Guide,” A Study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems Program, February 2010. Available. [Online]:
 A. Aktas, K. Erhan, S. Ozdemir, E. Ozdemir, “Experimental investigation of a new smart energy management algorithm for a hybrid energy storage system in smart grid applications,” Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 144, pp. 185-196, Mar. 2017.
 H. Lund, P.A. Østergaard, D. Connolly, B.V. Mathiesen, “Smart energy and smart energy systems,” Energy, May 2017.
 B. Pinnangudi, M. Kuykendal, S. Bhadra, “Smart Grid Energy Storage,” The Power Grid, Smart, Secure, Green and Reliable, pp. 93-135, 2017.
 M. Cheng, S. SabahSami, J. Wu, “Virtual Energy Storage System for Smart Grids,” Energy Procedia, vol. 88, pp. 436-442, Jun. 2016.
 P.C.D. Granado, Z. Pang, W. Wallace, “Synergy of smart grids and hybrid distributed generation on the value of energy storage,” Applied Energy, vol. 170, pp. 476-488, May 2016.
 H.O.R. Howlader, H. Matayoshi, T. Senjyu, “Distributed generation integrated with thermal unit commitment considering demand response for energy storage optimization of smart grid,” Renewable Energy, vol. 99, pp. 107-117, Dec. 2016.
 N. Kutucu, Ü.K. Terzi, H.Y. Ayirga, “Technical and economic analysis of energy storage systems in smart grids,” 5th International Istanbul Smart Grid and Cities Congress and Fair, Istanbul, Turkey, 2017, pp. 166-170.
 W. Tushar, W. Tushar, B. Chai, C. Yuen, S. Huang, D.B. Smith, H.V. Poor, Z. Yang, “Energy Storage Sharing in Smart Grid: A Modified Auction-Based Approach,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 1462-1475, May 2016.
 S. Rahnama, J.D. Bendtsen, J. Stoustrup, H. Rasmussen, “Robust Aggregator Design for Industrial Thermal Energy Storages in Smart Grid,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 902-916, Mar. 2017.
 K. Rahbar, M.R.V. Moghadam, S.K. Panda, T. Reindl, “Shared energy storage management for renewable energy integration in smart grid,” IEEE Power & Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, Minneapolis, MN, 2016, pp. 1-5.
 J. Klaimi, R. Rahim-Amoud, L. Merghem-Boulahia, A. Jrad, M. Esseghir, “An intelligent storage-based energy management approach for smart grids,” IEEE 12th International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications, New York, NY, 2016, pp. 1-7.
 H.K. Nguyen, J.B. Song, Z. Han, “Distributed Demand Side Management with Energy Storage in Smart Grid,” IEEE Trans. Parallel and Distributed Systems, vol. 26, no. 12, pp. 3346-3357, Dec. 2015.
 R. Howes, S. Mtingwa, “Challenges of Electricity Storage Technologies,” Panel on Public Affairs, May 2007.
 Available. [Online]:
 A. G. Wang, “Battery energy storage system: The key of future smart grid,” IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communication Workshops, Sydney, NSW, 2016, pp. 1-1.
 “Battery energy: What battery provides more?,” Available. [Online]:
 S. Nasr, “How Grid Energy Storage Works,” HowStuffWorks, http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-tech/sustainable/grid-energy-storage6.htm
 D. Link, “Pumped Hydro: Part of the Solution to our Energy Storage Needs,” Pike Research, Sept. 2010.
 G. Venkataramani, P. Parankusam, V. Ramalingam, J. Wang, “A review on compressed air energy storage – A pathway for smart grid and polygeneration,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 62, pp. 895-907, Sept. 2016.
 M.S. Guney, Y. Tepe, “Classification and assessment of energy storage systems,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 75, pp. 1187-1197, Aug. 2017.
 V. Kumar, S. Park, K. Parida, V. Bhavanasi, P.S. Lee, “Multi-responsive supercapacitors: Smart solution to store electrical energy,” Materialstoday Energy, vol. 4, pp. 41-57, Jun. 2017.
 K. Agbossou, M. Kolhe, J. Hamelin, T.K. Bose, “Performance of a stand-alone renewable energy system based on energy storage as hydrogen,” IEEE Trans. Energy Conversion, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 633-640, Sept. 2004.
 Available. [Online]:
 S. Lazarou, S. Makridis, “Hydrogen Storage Technologies for Smart Grid Applications,” Challenges, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1-11, 2017.